- April 10, 2019
- Posted by: admin
- Category: PMP
limitations of human life are limitations of project also. There are
limits to what work (scope) we do, what money (cost) we spend and what
time (schedule) we have.
Constraints are defined as the “A limiting factor that affects the execution of a project,program,portfolio or a process”, as per PMBOK5.The constraints restrict the actions of the project team. Constraints are documented at high level in the Project Charter and later elaborated in detail in the Scope Statement.
The following are the project constraints.
Cost – It is limited to the Sponsor imposed funding limits.
Scope – It is limited to the work as defined in Contract. What is in scope and out of scope is clearly defined.
Schedule – It is limited to the client given milestone dates and other milestones defined by the project team.
Quality – It is limited to conformance to a Quality Standard/Model such as ISO, 6 Sigma or CMMi.
Resources – It is limited to the available skilled Human Resources
Risks – threats due to natural calamities. Scope may be reduced to avoid a risk or budget may increase when reserve is added to deal with risks.
The 3 most important project constraints schedule, cost and scope are called as triple constraints. They were thought of as the only project constraints. The quality, resources and risks were added at later.
A change in any of these constraints will lead to change in other constraints. So it is important that these constraints are documented and managed effectively.